July | August 2017

Title IX Created Opportunities for Women

By Mary Branham, CSG Managing Editor
Those 37 words left an indelible mark on the U.S. education system and gave women more opportunities in academics and athletics.
President Richard Nixon signed Title IX on June 23, 1972. It was one of several amendments included in the Education Amendments of 1972. Nixon spent most of his remarks about the amendments discussing desegregation busing and didn’t mention the expansion of education access for women.
Rep. Patsy T. Mink of Hawaii was a driving force behind Title IX, and the amendment was renamed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act after her death in 2002. Indiana Sen. Birch Bayh is credited with authorship of the final bill.
“While the impact of this amendment would be far-reaching, it is not a panacea,” Byah said, according to the Congressional Record. “It is, however, an important first step in the effort to provide for the women of America something that is rightfully theirs—an equal chance to attend the schools of their choice, to develop the skills they want, and to apply those skills with the knowledge that they will have a fair chance to secure the jobs of their choice with equal pay for equal work.”
Looking at the state of the educational system before and after the passage of Title IX, it appears the country has achieved some of those goals. Many believe much more progress can be made.

In Sports


In Computer Science Degrees


In the Workforce

In 2011, women held:

On Advanced Placement Tests

In 2011, females took:

In Schools

College presidents
Before and After Title IX
Women earned:
Women earned: